Monday, July 21, 2014

Titus 1:9

Titus 1:9

Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.

a. NLT: He must have a strong belief in the trustworthy message he was taught; then he will be able to encourage others with wholesome teaching and show those who oppose it where they are wrong.

b. NIV: He must hold firmly to the trustworthy message as it has been taught, so that he can encourage others by sound doctrine and refute those who oppose it.

c. Young’s Literal Translation: holding -- according to the teaching -- to the stedfast word, that he may be able also to exhort in the sound teaching, and the gainsayers to convict;

d. Amplified Bible: He must hold fast to the sure and trustworthy Word of God as he was taught it, so that he may be able both to give stimulating instruction and encouragement in sound (wholesome) doctrine and to refute and convict those who contradict and oppose it [showing the wayward their error].

1. “Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught…”

a. holding fast [472 * antecho] [Thayer: to hold before or against, hold back, withstand, endure, to keep one's self directly opposite to any one, hold to him firmly, cleave to, paying heed to him.] [Strong: to hold oneself opposite to, i.e. (by implication) adhere to; by extension to care for:--hold fast, hold to, support.]

1). This “holding fast” is a choice that we as believers consciously decide to do with God’s word. Do we believe it

b. faithful [4103 * pistos] [Strong: objectively, trustworthy; subjectively, trustful:--believe(-ing, -r), faithful(-ly), sure, true.] [Zodhiates: worthy of belief, trust or confidence.]

c. word [3056 * logos] [Strong: something said (including the thought); by implication, a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension, a computation; specially, (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (i.e. Christ):--account, cause, communication, X concerning, doctrine, fame, X have to do, intent, matter, mouth, preaching, question, reason, + reckon, remove, say(-ing), shew, X speaker, speech, talk, thing, + none of these things move me, tidings, treatise, utterance, word, work.] [Thayer:  of speech, a word, uttered by a living voice, embodies a conception or idea, what someone has said, a word, the sayings of God, decree, mandate or order, of the moral precepts given by God, Old Testament prophecy given by the prophets, what is declared, a thought, declaration, aphorism, a weighty saying, a dictum, a maxim, discourse, the act of speaking, speech, the faculty of speech, skill and practice in speaking, a kind or style of speaking, a continuous speaking discourse – instruction, doctrine, teaching, anything reported in speech; a narration, narrative, matter under discussion, thing spoken of, affair, a matter in dispute, case, suit at law, the thing spoken of or talked about; event, deed, its use as respect to the MIND alone, reason, the mental faculty of thinking, meditating, reasoning, calculating, account, i.e. regard, consideration, account, i.e. reckoning, score, account, i.e. answer or explanation in reference to judgment, relation, i.e. with whom as judge we stand in relation, reason would, reason, cause, ground. In John, denotes the essential Word of God, Jesus Christ, the personal wisdom and power in union with God, his minister in creation and government of the universe, the cause of all the world's life both physical and ethical, which for the procurement of man's salvation put on human nature in the person of Jesus the Messiah, the second person in the Godhead, and shone forth conspicuously from His words and deeds.

1). In this verse Paul is clearly referring to the Scriptures. Paul’s view of the Scripture was the same as Jesus’ view, that they were the inspired word of God and worthy of trust and confidence.

a). 2 Timothy 3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:

d. as [2596 * kata] [Strong: a primary particle; (prepositionally) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined):--about, according as (to), after, against, (when they were) X alone, among, and, X apart, (even, like) as (concerning, pertaining to touching), X aside, at, before, beyond, by, to the charge of, (charita-)bly, concerning, + covered, (dai-)ly, down, every, (+ far more) exceeding, X more excellent, for, from ... to, godly, in(-asmuch, divers, every, -to, respect of), ... by, after the manner of, + by any means, beyond (out of) measure, X mightily, more, X natural, of (up-)on (X part), out (of every), over against, (+ your) X own, + particularly, so, through(-oughout, -oughout every), thus, (un-)to(-gether, -ward), X uttermost, where(-by), with. In composition it retains many of these applications, and frequently denotes opposition, distribution, or intensity.]

e. taught [1322 * didache] [Strong: instruction (the act or the matter):--doctrine, hath been taught.] [Thayer: teaching, that which is taught, doctrine, teaching, concerning something, the act of teaching, instruction, in religious assemblies of the Christians, to speak in the way of teaching, in distinction from other modes of speaking in public.]

1). It is clear from the New Testament Scriptures that Paul taught the whole counsel of God, the whole New Covenant, which included a clear teaching of the trustworthiness of God’s word. It was inspired by God (2 Timothy), to be believed and accepted over the word of any man (Romans 3:2-4).

2). The desired result of “holding fast” to God’s faithful word is revealed in the next portion of the verse.

2.  “…that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.”

a. able [1415 * dunatos] [Strong:  powerful or capable (literally or figuratively); neuter possible:--able, could, (that is) mighty (man), possible, power, strong.]

1). One result of holding fast to God’s word is to be empowered, to be capable of doing a particular task.

b. sound [5198 * hygiaino] [Strong: to have sound health, i.e. be well (in body); figuratively, to be uncorrupt (true in doctrine):--be in health, (be safe and) sound, (be) whole(-some).]
c. doctrine [1319 * didaskalia] [Strong: instruction (the function or the information):--doctrine, learning, teaching.]

1). The word is seed and it will produce after itself. Healthy, sound doctrine will produce healthy , sound fruit.

d. exhort [3870 * parakaleo; para-to the side of; kaleo-to call] [Zodhiates: to aid, help, comfort, encourage.] [Strong: to call near, i.e. invite, invoke (by imploration, hortation or consolation):--beseech, call for, (be of good) comfort, desire, (give) exhort(-ation), intreat, pray.]

e. convince [1651 * elegcho] [Strong: of uncertain affinity; to confute, admonish:--convict, convince, tell a fault, rebuke, reprove.] [Zodhiates: In the NT, to convict, to prove one in the wrong and thus shame him.]

f. gainsayers [483 * antilego; anti-against; lego-to speak] [Zodhiates: to oppose, disobey, revile, to contradict.] [Strong: to dispute, refuse:--answer again, contradict, deny, gainsay(-er), speak against.]

1). A gainsayer here is one who is speaking against the faithful word.

Titus 1:5

Titus 1:5

For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders in every city, as I had appointed thee:

a. NLT: I left you on the island of Crete so you could complete our work there and appoint elders in each town as I instructed you.

b. NIV: The reason I left you in Crete was that you might put in order what was left unfinished and appoint elders in every town, as I directed you.

c. Young’s Literal Translation: For this cause left I thee in Crete, that the things lacking thou mayest arrange, and mayest set down in every city elders, as I did appoint to thee;

d. Amplified Bible: For this reason I left you [behind] in Crete, that you might set right what was defective and finish what was left undone, and that you might appoint elders and set them over the churches (assemblies) in every city as I directed you.

1. “…and ordain elders in every city…”

a. ordain [2525 * kathistemi] [Strong: to place down (permanently), i.e. (figuratively) to designate, constitute, convoy:--appoint, be, conduct, make, ordain, set.]

b. elders [4245 * presbyteros] [Strong:  comparative of presbus (elderly); older; as noun, a senior; specially, an Israelite Sanhedrist (also figuratively, member of the celestial council) or Christian "presbyter":-- elder(-est), old.] [Thayer: elder, of age, the elder of two people, advanced in life, an elder, a senior, forefathers, a term of rank or office, among the Jews members of the great council or Sanhedrin (because in early times the rulers of the people, judges, etc., were selected from elderly men), of those who in separate cities managed public affairs and administered justice, among the Christians, those who presided over the assemblies (or churches) The NT uses the term bishop, elders, and presbyters interchangeably, the twenty four members of the heavenly Sanhedrin or court seated on thrones around the throne of God.]

c. Thayer mentions that in the New Testament, the terms bishops, elders and presbyters are used interchangeably. A perfect example is the passage Titus 1:5 is included in.

1). Titus 1:5-7 For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders in every city, as I had appointed thee:
1:6 If any be blameless, the husband of one wife, having faithful children not accused of riot or unruly.
1:7 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not selfwilled, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre;

d. In Acts, wherever Paul founded a church, before he left the church to go somewhere else he always selected elders to lead the church after he had left.

1). Acts 14:23 And when they had ordained them elders in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they believed.

Monday, July 07, 2014

Proverbs 18:21

Proverbs 18:21

Death and life are in the power of the tongue: and they that love it shall eat the fruit thereof.

a. NLT: The tongue can bring death or life; those who love to talk will reap the consequences.

b. NIV: The tongue has the power of life and death, and those who love it will eat its fruit.

c. Young’s Literal Translation: Death and life are in the power of the tongue, And those loving it eat its fruit.

d. Amplified Bible: Death and life are in the power of the tongue, and they who indulge in it shall eat the fruit of it [for death or life].

e. Septuagint: Life and death are in the power of the tongue; and they that rule it shall eat the fruits thereof.

f. Stone Edition Torah/Writings/Prophets: Death and life are in the power of the tongue; those who love [to use] it will eat its fruit.

1. “Death and life are in the power of the tongue…”

a. death [4194 * maveth][Strong: death (natural or violent); concretely, the dead, their place or state (hades); figuratively, pestilence, ruin:--(be) dead((-ly)), death, die(-d).]

b. life [2416 * chay][Strong: alive; hence, raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively:--+ age, alive, appetite, (wild) beast, company, congregation, life(-time), live(-ly), living (creature, thing), maintenance, + merry, multitude, + (be) old, quick, raw, running, springing, troop.]

c. power [3027 * yad][Strong: a primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from 3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote (as follows):--(+ be) able, X about, + armholes, at, axletree, because of, beside, border, X bounty, + broad, (broken-)handed, X by, charge, coast, + consecrate, + creditor, custody, debt, dominion, X enough, + fellowship, force, X from, hand(-staves, -y work), X he, himself, X in, labour, + large, ledge, (left-)handed, means, X mine, ministry, near, X of, X order, ordinance, X our, parts, pain, power, X presumptuously, service, side, sore, state, stay, draw with strength, stroke, + swear, terror, X thee, X by them, X themselves, X thine own, X thou, through, X throwing, + thumb, times, X to, X under, X us, X wait on, (way-)side, where, + wide, X with (him, me, you), work, + yield, X yourselves.]

d. tongue [3956 * lashown][Strong: the tongue (of man or animals), used literally (as the instrument of licking, eating, or speech), and figuratively (speech, an ingot, a fork of flame, a cove of water):--+ babbler,bay, + evil speaker, language, talker, tongue, wedge.]

e. The “power” of the tongue is without a doubt referring to its effect, its influence, its authority or ability to affect life around us. The Scripture is clear that its ability includes life and death. This first part of the verse is underscored by many other passages in the Bible that would be sound warnings to learn to control the words that come out of our mouth. God has set before us life and death, blessing and cursing.

1). Deuteronomy 30:19 I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live:

2). A large part of what the Lord is referring to here is the words that come out of our mouth.

a). James 3:1-10 My brethren, be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation.
3:2 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body.
3:3 Behold, we put bits in the horses' mouths, that they may obey us; and we turn about their whole body.
3:4 Behold also the ships, which though they be so great, and are driven of fierce winds, yet are they turned about with a very small helm, whithersoever the governor listeth.
3:5 Even so the tongue is a little member, and boasteth great things. Behold, how great a matter a little fire kindleth!
3:6 And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell.
3:7 For every kind of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed of mankind:
3:8 But the tongue can no man tame; it is an unruly evil, full of deadly poison.
3:9 Therewith bless we God, even the Father; and therewith curse we men, which are made after the similitude of God.
3:10 Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be.

3). Jesus very powerfully warned us that all the words that come out of our mouths will be judged. Jesus described words as being evil treasure, good treasure and idle words.

a). Matthew 12:33-37 Either make the tree good, and his fruit good; or else make the tree corrupt, and his fruit corrupt: for the tree is known by his fruit.
12:34 O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.
12:35 A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things.
12:36 But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment.


4). The tongue in our mouth is a releasing point where what is in our spirits comes out. It is how we got saved. Surely words saying what the Scripture directs us to say are good treasure.

a). Romans 10:9, 10 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.
10:10 For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.

b). The Greek word for “confession” is ‘homologeo’ and it literally means “to say the same thing”. In this instance it means to say the same thing God says. This is exactly what the Scripture declares is the spirit of faith. Faith is a spiritual force, it is us saying what we believe about what God has already said.

(1) 2 Corinthians 4:13 We having the same spirit of faith, according as it is written, I believed, and therefore have I spoken; we also believe, and therefore speak;

5). This is the meaning of what Jesus meant when he was instructing the disciples about the use of confession in unity with faith.

a). Mark 11:22-24 And Jesus answering saith unto them, Have faith in God.
11:23 For verily I say unto you, That whosoever shall say unto this mountain, Be thou removed, and be thou cast into the sea; and shall not doubt in his heart, but shall believe that those things which he saith shall come to pass; he shall have whatsoever he saith.
11:24 Therefore I say unto you, What things soever ye desire, when ye pray, believe that ye receive them, and ye shall have them.

b). Now let’s think about this for a minute. If I pray about something that I know is the will of God and found in the Bible and therefore I know it is God’s will for me to have it. Jesus said that when I pray I should believe I will receive it. As a believer, how can I not speak to a mountain or any hindering circumstance and command it to be removed after I have prayed and believed.


c). World Outreach Church Daily Devotional 9/14/11 Sometimes Christians take God’s sovereignty too far. They think they’re supposed to walk through life “rolling with the punches,” taking whatever comes. I did that for years. But I got punched most of the time and spent the rest of my time rolling. No, we choose in life whether we walk in blessing or cursing. We’re not puppets. God doesn’t arbitrarily decide who gets His blessings and who doesn’t. We aren’t supposed to walk around wondering what God has for us on this earth. God has already told us what He has for us. It’s all written in the pages of the Bible. God gives us a choice to either accept or reject His blessings. Deuteronomy 30:19 says, “I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live.” The choice is ours. But how do we choose between death or life, blessing or cursing? Proverbs 18:21 tells us: “Death and life are in the power of the tongue….” We make the choice between death or life by what we say. Now, I didn’t say that—God did. Our tongues point us in one direction or the other. They’re like the rudders on ships. The direction we turn them is the direction our bodies and lives will go. That’s why it’s so important that we choose words of life.

Proverbs 6:23

Proverbs 6:23

For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life:

a. NLT: For their command is a lamp and their instruction a light; their corrective discipline is the way to life.

b. NIV: For this command is a lamp, this teaching is a light, and correction and instruction are the way to life,

c. Young’s Literal Translation: For a lamp is the command, And the law a light, And a way of life are reproofs of instruction,

d. Amplified Bible: For the commandment is a lamp, and the whole teaching [of the law] is light, and reproofs of discipline are the way of life,

e. Septuagint: For the commandment of the law is a lamp and a light; a way of life; reproof also and correction:

f. Stone Edition Torah/Writings/Prophets: For a commandment is a lamp and the Torah is light; and reproving discipline is the way of life.

1. “For the commandment is a lamp…”

a. commandment [4687 * mitzvah][Strong: a command, whether human or divine (collectively, the Law):--(which was) commanded(-ment), law, ordinance, precept.]

b. lamp [5216 * niyr][Strong: meaning to glisten; a lamp (i.e. the burner) or light (literally or figuratively):--candle, lamp, light.]

1). This Hebrew word is used for the lamps in the building of the Tabernacle, it is also used in Psalms to describe God’s word.

a). Psalm 119:105  Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path.

b). Just as a light will guide our feet in darkness, the word of God will guide us and enable us to stumble in spiritual and moral darkness.

2. “…and the law is light…”

a. law [8451 * towrah][Strong: a precept or statute, especially the Decalogue or Pentateuch:--law.]

b. light [216 * ‘owr][Strong: illumination or (concrete) luminary (in every sense, including lightning, happiness, etc.):--bright, clear, + day, light (-ning), morning, sun.]

c. There is a verse in Isaiah that adds commentary to the verse here in Proverbs.

1). Isaiah 8:20 To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.

3. “…and reproofs of instruction are the way of life:”

a. reproofs [8433 * towkechah][Strong: chastisement; figuratively (by words) correction, refutation, proof (even in defence):--argument, X chastened, correction, reasoning, rebuke, reproof, X be (often) reproved.]

b. instruction [4148 * muwcar][Strong: chastisement; figuratively, reproof, warning or instruction; also restraint:--bond, chastening ((-eth)), chastisement, check, correction, discipline, doctrine, instruction, rebuke.

c. way [1870 * derek][Strong: a road (as trodden); figuratively, a course of life or mode of action, often adverb:--along, away, because of, + by, conversation, custom, (east-)ward, journey, manner, passenger, through, toward, (high-) (path-)way(-side), whither(-soever).]

1). This “way” is a course of life, a journey, a mode of action, and it leads to life. There are other passages from the Old and New testaments that reflect that same exhortation.

a). Proverbs 16:17 The highway of the upright is to depart from evil: he that keepeth his way preserveth his soul.

b). Matthew 7:13, 14 Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth to destruction, and many there be which go in thereat:
7:14 Because strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it.

d. life [2416 * chay][Strong: alive; hence, raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively:--+ age, alive, appetite, (wild) beast, company, congregation, life(-time), live(-ly), living (creature, thing), maintenance, + merry, multitude, + (be) old, quick, raw, running, springing, troop.]

Sunday, July 06, 2014

Psalm 119:160

Psalm 119:160

Thy word is true from the beginning: and every one of thy righteous judgments endureth for ever.

a. NLT:  The very essence of your words is truth; all your just regulations will stand forever.

b. NIV: All your words are true; all your righteous laws are eternal.

c. Young’s Literal Translation: The sum of Thy word is truth, And to the age is every judgment of Thy righteousness!

d. Amplified Bible: The sum of Your word is truth [the total of the full meaning of all Your individual precepts]; and every one of Your righteous decrees endures forever.

e. Septuagint: The beginning of thy words is truth; and all the judgments of thy righteousness endure for ever.

f. Stone Edition Torah/Writings/Prophets: Your very first utterance is truth, and Your every righteous ordinance is for all time.

1. “Thy word is true from the beginning…”

a. word [1697 * dabar][Strong: from 1697; a word; by implication, a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially, a cause:--act, advice, affair, answer, X any such (thing), because of, book, business, care, case, cause, certain rate, + chronicles, commandment, X commune(-ication), + concern(-ing), + confer, counsel, + dearth, decree, deed, X disease, due, duty, effect, + eloquent, errand, (evil favoured-)ness, + glory, + harm, hurt, + iniquity, + judgment, language, + lying, manner, matter, message, (no) thing, oracle, X ought, X parts, + pertaining, + please, portion, + power, promise, provision, purpose, question, rate, reason, report, request, X (as hast) said, sake, saying, sentence, + sign, + so, some (uncleanness), somewhat to say, + song, speech, X spoken, talk, task, + that, X there done, thing (concerning), thought, + thus, tidings, what(-soever), + wherewith, which, word, work.][Condensed Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon: speech, word, speaking, thing, speech, saying, utterance, word, words, business, occupation, acts, matter, case, something, manner (by extension)]

b. true [571 * ‘emeth][Strong: contracted from 539; stability; (figuratively) certainty, truth, trustworthiness:--assured(-ly), establishment, faithful, right, sure, true (-ly, -th), verity.]           [Condensed Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon: firmness, faithfulness, truth, sureness, reliability, stability, continuance, faithfulness, reliableness, truth, as spoken, of testimony and judgment, of divine instruction, truth as a body of ethical or religious knowledge, true doctrine.]

c. beginning [7218 * ro’sh][Strong: from an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literal or figurative (in many applications, of place, time, rank, itc.):--band, beginning, captain, chapiter, chief(-est place, man, things), company, end, X every (man), excellent, first, forefront, ((be-))head, height, (on) high(-est part, (priest)), X lead, X poor, principal, ruler, sum, top.][Condensed Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon: head, top, summit, upper part, chief, total, sum, height, front, beginning, head (of man, animals), top, tip (of mountain), height (of stars), chief, head (of man, city, nation, place, family, priest), head, front, beginning, chief, choicest, best, head, division, company, band, sum.]

d. The KJV & the NIV are the best translations here in presenting the meaning of the verse at least to different cultures and mindsets. The Jewish mindset is if the beginning is true it is all true, but in an American mindset not at all familiar with Scripture the thinking may be just because the beginning is true does not mean it is all true. The truth conveyed in this verse, is continuing the mindset of the faithful believer and their godly attitude toward the Scripture, which is that all of God’s word is true from the beginning to the end.  

1). Psalm 33:4 For the word of the Lord is right; and all his works are done in truth.

2). Psalm 119:128 Therefore I esteem all thy precepts concerning all things to be right; and I hate every false way.

3). Isaiah 8:20 To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.

4). Romans 3:3, 4 For what if some did not believe? shall their unbelief make the faith of God without effect?
3:4 God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged.

5). 2 Timothy 3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:

6). 2 Peter 3:15, 16 And account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you;
3:16 As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.

2. “…and every one of thy righteous judgments endureth for ever.”

a. righteous [6664 * tsedeq][Strong: the right (natural, moral or legal); also (abstractly) equity or (figuratively) prosperity:--X even, (X that which is altogether) just(-ice), ((un-))right(-eous) (cause, -ly, - ness).][Condensed Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon: justice, rightness, righteousness, what is right or just or normal, rightness, justness (of weights and measures), righteousness (in government), of judges, rulers, kings, of law, of Davidic king, Messiah, of Jerusalem as seat of just government, of God's attribute, righteousness, justice (in case or cause), rightness (in speech), righteousness (as ethically right), righteousness (as vindicated), justification (in controversy), deliverance, victory, prosperity.]

b. judgments [4941 * mishpat][Strong: properly, a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (participant's) divine law, individual or collective), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly, justice, including a participant's right or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style:--+ adversary, ceremony, charge, X crime, custom, desert, determination, discretion, disposing, due, fashion, form, to be judged, judgment, just(-ice, -ly), (manner of) law(-ful), manner, measure, (due) order, ordinance, right, sentence, usest, X worthy, + wrong.]

c. endureth forever [5769 * ‘owlam][Strong: properly, concealed, i.e. the vanishing point; generally, time out of mind (past or future), i.e. (practically) eternity; frequentatively, adverbial (especially with prepositional prefix) always:--alway(-s), ancient (time), any more, continuance, eternal, (for, (n-))ever(-lasting, -more, of old), lasting, long (time), (of) old (time), perpetual, at any time, (beginning of the) world (+ without end).]

d. Commentary

1). Robert Jamieson, A.R. Fausset, David Brown: God has been ever faithful, and the principles of His government will ever continue worthy of confidence.
from the beginning--that is, "every word from Genesis (called so by the Jews from its first words, 'In the beginning') to the end of the Scriptures is true." HENGSTENBERG translates more literally, "The sum of thy words is truth." The sense is substantially the same. The whole body of revelation is truth. "Thy Word is nothing but truth" [LUTHER].


2). Adam Clark Commentary: Thy word is true from the beginning - ראש rosh, the head or beginning of thy word, is true. Does he refer to the first word in the Book of Genesis, בראשית bereshith, "in the beginning?" The learned reader knows that ראש rash, or raash, is the root in that word. Every word thou hast spoken from the first in Bereshith (Genesis) to the end of the law and prophets, and all thou wilt yet speak, as flowing from the fountain of truth, must be true; and all shall have in due time, their fulfllment. And all these, thy words endure for ever. They are true, and ever will be true.

Saturday, July 05, 2014

Psalm 119:11

Psalm 119:11

Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee.

a. NLT: I have hidden your word in my heart, that I might not sin against you.

b. NIV: I have hidden your word in my heart that I might not sin against you.

c. Young’s Literal Translation: In my heart I have hid Thy saying, That I sin not before Thee.

d. Amplified Bible: Your word have I laid up in my heart, that I might not sin against You.

e. Septuagint: I have hidden thine oracles in my heart, that I might not sin against thee.

f. Stone Edition Torah/Writings/Prophets: In my heart have I stored Your word, so that I would not sin against you.

1. “Thy word have I hid in mine heart…”

a. word [565 * ‘imrah][Strong: commandment, speech, word.]

b. hid [6845 * tsaphan][Strong: a primitive root; to hide (by covering over); by implication, to hoard or reserve; figuratively to deny; specifically (favorably) to protect, (unfavorably) to lurk:--esteem, hide(-den one, self), lay up, lurk (be set) privily, (keep) secret(-ly, place).]

1). Albert Barnes:  Thy word have I hid in mine heart. The word rendered "hid" means properly to conceal, so that a thing may be secret, private, inaccessible; then, to lay up in private, to treasure up. to hoard - as money or jewels - commonly "hidden" from public view. Then it means to lay up in one's heart, as a secret, inaccessible place; to hide one's thoughts; purposes, designs; or to lay up knowledge or wisdom in the heart as a treasure. The meaning here is, that he had "treasured" up the word of God, as the most valuable thing, in his heart; it was "there," though unseen; it constituted the secret power by which he was governed; it was permanently deposited there, as the most valuable of his treasures.

c. heart [3820 * leb][Strong: the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything:--+ care for, comfortably, consent, X considered, courag(-eous), friend(-ly), ((broken-), (hard-), (merry-), (stiff-), (stout-), double) heart((-ed)), X heed, X I, kindly, midst, mind(-ed), X regard((-ed)), X themselves, X unawares, understanding, X well, willingly, wisdom.][Condensed Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon: inner man, mind, will, heart, understanding, inner part, midst, midst (of things), heart (of man), soul, heart (of man), mind, knowledge, thinking, reflection, memory, inclination, resolution, determination (of will), conscience, heart (of moral character), as seat of appetites, as seat of emotions and passions, as seat of courage.]

d. The hiding of the word of God in our hearts is meditating the word of God. It is only the beginning work on our part that opens us up, and gives God further access to bless us and fulfill other promises in our lives.  

1). Proverbs 2:1-5 My son, if thou wilt receive my words, and hide my commandments with thee;
So that thou incline thine ear unto wisdom, and apply thine heart to understanding;
Yea, if thou criest after knowledge, and liftest up thy voice for understanding;
If thou seekest her as silver, and searchest for her as for hid treasures;
Then shalt thou understand the fear of the Lord, and find the knowledge of God.

2). Joshua 1:8 This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.

3). Psalm 1:1-3 Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful.
But his delight is in the law of the Lord; and in his law doth he meditate day and night.
And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.

2. “…that I might not sin against thee.”

a. sin [2398 * chata’][Strong: a primitive root; properly, to miss; hence (figuratively and generally) to sin; by inference, to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, (causatively) lead astray, condemn:--bear the blame, cleanse, commit (sin), by fault, harm he hath done, loss, miss, (make) offend(-er), offer for sin, purge, purify (self), make reconciliation, (cause, make) sin(-ful, -ness), trespass.]

b. The hiding of the word of God in our hearts is as I said previously meditating the word of God. It is only the beginning work on our part that opens us up, and gives God further access into our lives to bless us and fulfill other promises. The word of God has within itself the grace to enable the believer to resist successfully temptation.

1). Psalm 119:101 I have refrained my feet from every evil way, that I might keep thy word.

2). Psalm 37:31 The law of his God is in his heart; none of his steps shall slide.

c. Hiding God’s word in our heart enables us to do His will instead of walking in disobedience.

1). Psalm 40:8 I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart.


2). Philippians 2:13 For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.

Thursday, July 03, 2014

Psalm 119:128

Psalm 119:128

Therefore I esteem all thy precepts concerning all things to be right; and I hate every false way.

a. NLT: Each of your commandments is right. That is why I hate every false way.

b). NIV: and because I consider all your precepts right, I hate every wrong path.

c). Young’s Literal Translation: Therefore all my appointments I have declared wholly right, Every path of falsehood I have hated!

d). Amplified Bible: Therefore I esteem as right all, yes, all Your precepts; I hate every false way.

e). Septuagint: Therefore I directed myself according to all thy commandments: I have hated every unjust way.

f). Stone Edition Torah/Writings/Prophets: Therefore I have declared the fairness of every precept regarding everything! I have hated every path of falsehood.

1. “Therefore I esteem all thy precepts concerning all things to be right…”

a. precepts [6490 * piqquwd][Strong: properly, appointed, i.e. a mandate (of God; plural only, collectively, for the Law):--commandment, precept, statute.]

1). It is clear the “precepts” are God’s precepts because of the use of this word in other verses. It is translated “commandments” “statutes”.

a).  Psalm 19:8 The statutes of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes.

b). Psalm 111:7 The works of his hands are verity and judgment; all his commandments are sure.

c). Psalm 119:159 Consider how I love thy precepts: quicken me, O LORD, according to thy lovingkindness.

b. right [3474 * yashar][Strong: a primitive root; to be straight or even; figuratively, to be (causatively, to make) right, pleasant, prosperous:--direct, fit, seem good (meet), + please (will), be (esteem, go) right (on), bring (look, make, take the) straight (way), be upright(-ly).]

1). It is interesting how these two Hebrew words are translated into the various sentences of the various translations. Some are better than others. We know that sometimes words or phrases are inserted into the text to help finish the thought of the writer, in most cases this is appropriate, necessary and examples abound in the Bible. This verse is a perfect example. We have two Hebrew words, “precept” and “right” and yet they are turned into a whole sentence. In the Jewish translation they are turned into 11 words. In the King James it is 12 words and in this particular verse it is right.

2). This is the believers proper estimate of God’s word regardless of the Old or New Covenants. We are to regard God’s word as right because of its inspiration.

a). 2 Timothy 3:16 All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:

3). The Apostle Paul was very straight forward regarding our estimation of God’s word, it is to be the final authority in the life of the believer.

a). Romans 3:3, 4 For what if some did not believe? shall their unbelief make the faith of God without effect?
3:4 God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged.

2. “…and I hate every false way.”

a. hate [8130 * sane’][Strong: a primitive root; to hate (personally):--enemy, foe, (be) hate(-ful, -r), odious, X utterly.]

b. false [8267 * sheqer][Strong: an untruth; by implication, a sham (often adverbial):--without a cause, deceit(-ful), false(-hood, -ly), feignedly, liar, + lie, lying, vain (thing), wrongfully.]

c. way [734 * ‘orach][Strong: a well-trodden road (literally or figuratively); also a caravan:--manner, path, race, rank, traveller, troop, (by-, high-)way.

d. Any “false way” would be something that goes against God’s precepts. Philosophies or doctrines that seek to undermine the authority and inspiration of the Scripture. The beginning of attempts to throw doubt and unbelief on the word of God toward man began in the Garden of Eden.

1). Genesis 3:1 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?

2). New Living Translation: The serpent was the shrewdest of all the wild animals the LORD God had made. One day he asked the woman, “Did God really say you must not eat the fruit from any of the trees in the garden?”


3). New International Version: Now the serpent was more crafty than any of the wild animals the LORD God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God really say, ‘You must not eat from any tree in the garden’?”

Wednesday, July 02, 2014

Psalm 119:9

Psalm 119:9

Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking heed thereto according to thy word.

a. NLT How can a young person stay pure? By obeying your word.

b. NIV: How can a young person stay on the path of purity? By living according to your word.

c. Young’s Literal Translation: With what doth a young man purify his path? To observe -- according to Thy word.

d. Amplified Bible: How shall a young man cleanse his way? By taking heed and keeping watch [on himself] according to Your word [conforming his life to it].

e. Septuagint: Wherewith shall a young man direct his way? by keeping thy words.

f. Stone Edition Torah/Writings/Prophets: How can a youngster purify his path? By observing Your word.

1. “Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way...”

a. [5288 * na’ar][Strong: a boy (as active), from the age of infancy to adolescence; by implication, a servant; also (by interch. of sex), a girl (of similar latitude in age):--babe, boy, child, damsel (from the margin), lad, servant, young (man).]

b. cleanse [2135 * zakah][Strong: to be translucent; figuratively, to be innocent:--be (make) clean, cleanse, be clear, count pure.]

1). As we shall see this cleansing is not referring to physical cleansing but moral and spiritual. Another use of this Hebrew word is found in Isaiah.

a). Isaiah 1:16 Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes; cease to do evil;

c. his way [734 * ‘orach][Strong: a well-trodden road (literally or figuratively); also a caravan:--manner, path, race, rank, traveller, troop, (by-, high-)way.]

1). A few interesting citations of the use of this Hebrew word are here.

a). Proverbs 3:5, 6 Trust in the LORD with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding.
3:6 In all thy ways acknowledge him, and he shall direct thy paths.

b). Proverbs 10:17 He is in the way of life that keepeth instruction: but he that refuseth reproof erreth.

2. “…by taking heed thereto according to thy word.”

a. taking heed [8104 * shamar][Strong:  a primitive root; properly, to hedge about (as with thorns), i.e. guard; generally, to protect, attend to, etc.:--beward, be circumspect, take heed (to self), keep(-er, self), mark, look narrowly, observe, preserve, regard, reserve, save (self), sure, (that lay) wait (for), watch(-man).]

1). This Hebrew word is so enlightening on its uses in the Scripture. It is used hundreds of times in various uses. It is used to describe Adam’s responsibility after he was placed in the garden. In this passage it is translated “keep”, in the sense of attending, guarding and protecting the garden.

a). Genesis 2:15-17  And the Lord God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.
2:16 And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:
2:17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.

2). It is translated “observe” in the following.

a). Leviticus 19:37 Therefore shall ye observe all my statutes, and all my judgments, and do them: I am the LORD.

b). Deuteronomy 5:32 Ye shall observe to do therefore as the LORD your God hath commanded you: ye shall not turn aside to the right hand or to the left.

c). Joshua 1:8 This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.

3). It is translated “beware” in the following.

a). Deuteronomy 6:12 Then beware lest thou forget the LORD, which brought thee forth out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage.

b). Deuteronomy 8:11 Beware that thou forget not the LORD thy God, in not keeping his commandments, and his judgments, and his statutes, which I command thee this day:

c). Above in Deuteronomy 8:11 it is translated ‘beware” and also “keeping”.

4). In this next verse the same Hebrew word is translated “keep” and “watchman”.

a). Psalm 127:1 Except the LORD build the house, they labour in vain that build it: except the LORD keep the city, the watchman waketh but in vain.

b. word [1697 * dabar][Strong: a word; by implication, a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially, a cause:--act, advice, affair, answer, X any such (thing), because of, book, business, care, case, cause, certain rate, + chronicles, commandment, X commune(-ication), + concern(-ing), + confer, counsel, + dearth, decree, deed, X disease, due, duty, effect, + eloquent, errand, (evil favoured-)ness, + glory, + harm, hurt, + iniquity, + judgment, language, + lying, manner, matter, message, (no) thing, oracle, X ought, X parts, + pertaining, + please, portion, + power, promise, provision, purpose, question, rate, reason, report, request, X (as hast) said, sake, saying, sentence, + sign, + so, some (uncleanness), somewhat to say, + song, speech, X spoken, talk, task, + that, X there done, thing (concerning), thought, + thus, tidings, what(-soever), + wherewith, which, word, work.]

c. As I previously said, the “cleansing” in this verse is referring to moral or spiritual. It is referring to a believers walk, his actions. Through obedience to the Scriptures the believer can cleanse his way, his walk, his actions. All is accomplished only through the grace of God, but we must respond in obedience to the grace which is more than enough to provide what we need to obey. The Old Testament priesthood is a type and foreshadow of not only the High Priesthood of Christ, but also of our priesthood relationship in the New Covenant. For example, under the Old Covenant the priests were required to wash themselves before they went into the tabernacle to accomplish their service unto the Lord.

1). Exodus 30:17-21 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,
Thou shalt also make a laver of brass, and his foot also of brass, to wash withal: and thou shalt put it between the tabernacle of the congregation and the altar, and thou shalt put water therein.
For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet thereat:
When they go into the tabernacle of the congregation, they shall wash with water, that they die not; or when they come near to the altar to minister, to burn offering made by fire unto the Lord:
So they shall wash their hands and their feet, that they die not: and it shall be a statute for ever to them, even to him and to his seed throughout their generations.

2). Likewise, we are admonished to do the same.

a). Hebrews 10:22  Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.

3). The washing of our bodies is our responsibility of allowing the daily study of the word to cleanse us as we respond in obedience to the word.

a). Ephesians 5:24-27  Therefore as the church is subject unto Christ, so let the wives be to their own husbands in every thing.
5:25 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it;
5:26 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,
5:27 That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.

Tuesday, July 01, 2014

Psalm 119:18

Psalm 119:18

Open thou mine eyes, that I may behold wondrous things out of thy law

a. NLT: Open my eyes to see, the wonderful truths in your instructions.

b. NIV: Open my eyes that I may see wonderful things in your law.

c. Young’s Literal Translation: Uncover mine eyes, and I behold wonders out of Thy law.

d. Amplified Bible: Open thou mine eyes, that I may behold wondrous things out of thy law.

e. Septuagint: Unveil thou mine eyes, and I shall perceive wondrous things of thy law.

f. Stone Edition Torah/Writings/Prophets: Unveil my eyes that I may perceive wonders from Your Torah.

1. “Open thou mine eyes…”

a. open [1540 * galah][Strong: a primitive root; to denude (especially in a disgraceful sense); by implication, to exile (captives being usually stripped); figuratively, to reveal:--+ advertise, appear, bewray, bring, (carry, lead, go) captive (into captivity), depart, disclose, discover, exile, be gone, open, X plainly, publish, remove, reveal, X shamelessly, shew, X surely, tell, uncover.]

b. eyes [5869 * ‘ayin][Strong:  probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy, a fountain (as the eye of the landscape):--affliction, outward appearance, + before, + think best, colour, conceit, + be content, countenance, + displease, eye((-brow), (-d), -sight), face, + favour, fountain, furrow (from the margin), X him, + humble, knowledge, look, (+ well), X me, open(-ly), + (not) please, presence, + regard, resemblance, sight, X thee, X them, + think, X us, well, X you(-rselves).]

c. The Psalmist is not referring to his physical eyes but his spiritual eyes. He is referring to spiritual insight, revelation. We were created with spiritual senses just as we were created with physical senses. [For more see notes in 1 Peter 2:2 & Isaiah 55:2.]

2. “…that I may behold wondrous things out of thy law.”

a. behold [5027 * nabat][Strong: a primitive root; to scan, i.e. look intently at; by implication, to regard with pleasure, favor or care:--(cause to) behold, consider, look (down), regard, have respect, see.]

b. wondrous [6381 * pala’][Strong: a primitive root; properly, perhaps to separate, i.e. distinguish (literally or figuratively); by implication, to be (causatively, make) great, difficult, wonderful:--accomplish, (arise...too, be too) hard, hidden, things too high, (be, do, do a, shew) marvelous(-ly, -els, things, work), miracles, perform, separate, make singular, (be, great, make) wonderful(-ers, -ly, things, works), wondrous (things, works, -ly).]

1). This Hebrew word is used many times to describe the miraculous things God has done as well as the natural creations He has made.

a). Psalm 139:14 I will praise thee; for I am fearfully and wonderfully made: marvellous are thy works; and that my soul knoweth right well.

b). Psalm 107:8 Oh that men would praise the LORD for his goodness, and for his wonderful works to the children of men!

2). Institute Of Creation Research Daily Devotional: Wondrous indeed is the marvelous universe God has created. “Hearken unto this,” we are challenged, “stand still, and consider the wondrous works of God” (Job 37:14). And as we “consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained” (Psalm 8:3), we can only “stand still” in awe at God’s infinite power. We are even more amazed as we study the intricate complexity of living creatures—especially human beings. “I will praise thee; for I am fearfully and wonderfully made: marvellous are thy works” (Psalm 139:14). God’s omniscience is more wondrous than even His omnipotence. Then there is His miraculous ordering of history for the accomplishment of His purposes. “We will not hide them from their children, shewing to the generation to come the praises of the LORD, and his strength, and his wonderful works that he hath done” (Psalm 78:4). But even greater than the wondrous world He created or His wondrous works in history are the wonders of God’s written Word, for “thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name” (Psalm 138:2). Note the testimony of the familiar 19th Psalm: “The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork.” But then: “The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul” (Psalm 19:1, 7). As far as God’s works in history are concerned, God’s Word was completed before history began, and will endure after the present world is gone. “For ever, O LORD, thy word is settled in heaven” (Psalm 119:89). “Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away” (Matthew 24:35). There are “wondrous things” without end in “thy law,” and we will continue discovering them forever. HMM

c. out of thy law [8451 * towrah][Strong: a precept or statute, especially the Decalogue or Pentateuch:--law.]

1). In this verse though the Psalmist is not referring to the marvelous and wonderful works of God in creation or His miracles. He is referring to the wonderful things God has placed in His word, Covenant promises, His secrets He wants man to know but man has to search them out.

a). Deuteronomy 29:29 The secret things belong unto the LORD our God: but those things which are revealed belong unto us and to our children for ever, that we may do all the words of this law.

b). Matthew 13:34, 35 All these things spake Jesus unto the multitude in parables; and without a parable spake he not unto them:
13:35 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things which have been kept secret from the foundation of the world.

2). The Apostle Paul prayed that the church would be given a spirit of wisdom and revelation that we would “see”, that we would truly know the truths of this Covenant.

a). Ephesians 1:15-23 Wherefore I also, after I heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus, and love unto all the saints,
1:16 Cease not to give thanks for you, making mention of you in my prayers;
1:17 That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him:
1:18 The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints,
1:19 And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power,
1:20 Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places,
1:21 Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:
1:22 And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,
1:23 Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.

3). We will only be established in what has been revealed to us.

a). Romans 16:25 Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began,

b). Mark 4:23, 24 [Amplified Bible] If any man has ears to hear, let him be listening and let him perceive and comprehend.
4:24 And He said to them, Be careful what you are hearing. The measure [of thought and study] you give [to the truth you hear] will be the measure [of virtue and knowledge] that comes back to you—and more [besides] will be given to you who hear.

4). Institute Of Creation Research Daily Devotional 5/2/2010 The word "law" (Hebrew torah), as used in the psalms, actually refers to all the revealed Scriptures. We may well understand it today to mean the entire Bible. And we can indeed behold wondrous things in the Word if we have eyes to see and hearts to believe by the grace of God. The adjective "wondrous" is often used to describe God's mighty miracles in Egypt and elsewhere (e.g., Psalm 106:22 "Wondrous works in the land of Ham"). This would indicate that there are many evidences of divine origin that can be gleaned from the Scriptures, if our spiritual eyes are open to discern them as we search. This 119th Psalm itself illustrates this truth. It has 22 stanzas (keyed in turn to the 22 letters of the Hebrew alphabet), each with eight verses (the number eight representing new life, since eight suggests a new beginning after the "completeness" represented by the number seven). In each stanza, each verse begins with the same Hebrew letter--aleph, the first letter in the Hebrew alphabet, in the first stanza, beth in the second stanza, etc.--and the 176 verses (i.e., 8 times 22) of the psalm (the longest chapter in the Bible) have 176 references to the Holy Scriptures. The great theme of the psalm is, therefore, the wonder and power of the life-giving, written Word of God. As the Lord Jesus was raised from the dead on the "eighth day," and as there are eight other instances of the dead being restored to life in the Bible, there are eight different Hebrew words used for the Scriptures in the psalm. Life through the Word! This is also the testimony of the gospel of Christ, revealed in "the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus" (2 Timothy 3:15). HMM